Two editions of Fleurs du mal were published in Baudelaire's lifetime — one in 1857 and an expanded edition in 1861. "Scraps" and censored poems were collected in Les Épaves in 1866. After Baudelaire died the following year, a "definitive" edition appeared in 1868.
Au poète impeccable
— Charles Baudelaire
To the impeccable poet
— William Aggeler, The Flowers of Evil (Fresno, CA: Academy Library Guild, 1954)